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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 70871 Find in a Library
Title: Prohibiting Secure Juvenile Detention - Assessing the Effectiveness of National Standards Detention Criteria
Author(s): R Kihm
Corporate Author: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Community Research Forum
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Champaign, IL 61820
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-JS-AX-0046
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Through an analysis of four jurisdictions, this study tried to determine whether criteria recommended for decisions on secure detention of juveniles effectively protected the court process and public safety.
Abstract: The criteria were proposed by the National Advisory Committee on Standards for the Administration of Juvenile Justice. The criteria stated that juveniles should not be detained unless they are fugitives from another jurisdiction, request protection in writing, are charged with first or second degree murder, or meet other specific and objective criteria. Located in Michigan, New Mexico, Utah, and New Jersey, the four jurisdictions included two primarily urban jurisdictions and two primarily rural jurisdictions. Two counties use the detention criteria proposed by the advisory committee; the other two counties' practices do not conform to these criteria. A randomly selected sample of each jurisdiction's juvenile court referrals was analyzed in terms of detention rates, rates of failure to appear in court, and rearrest data. Results showed that jurisdictions could release juveniles not meeting the criteria without posing an increased threat to public safety or to an orderly court process. Releases based on the criteria did not affect rates of rearrest or failure to appear in court. Results suggested that all jurisdictions should test the criteria for a 2-month period. Releasing more juveniles, over half of whom are currently unnecessarily detained, would make the pretrial system more efficient and spare thousands of children the trauma of unnecessary detention. Footnotes, notes which include references, and an appendix presenting the statistical methodology are included.
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Juvenile detention; Juvenile processing; Pretrial release; Standards
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