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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 70949 Find in a Library
Title: Role of the Victim Advocate (From Rape and Sexual Assault, P 199-212, 1980, by Carmen G Warner - See NCJ-70946)
Author(s): D Spaulding
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Lockheed Martin
Rockville, MD 20850-3166
Sale Source: Lockheed Martin
2277 Research Boulevard
Rockville, MD 20850-3166
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article for rape victim advocates discusses the needs and behavior of rape victims and offers suggestions on how to help victims deal with police, medical personnel, and trial participants.
Abstract: Rape victims should be supported by knowledgeable, nonjudgmental advocates who allow the victims to make their own decisions to regain a sense of control over their lives. Advocates should assure victims they need not feel ashamed of the rape and that resulting fears and feelings of inadequacy will eventually disappear. In addition, advocates should offer information and referral in case of pregnancy or venereal disease. Advocates can also help victims during medical examinations, police and prosecutorial questioning, and preliminary hearings and trial by explaining procedures and providing reassurance and support. Followup or long-term care for rape victims includes helping the victim resume normal relationships and providing support during rape 'flashbacks.' Finally, advocates can help educate the police, hospital personnel, and the public about rape, helping to change community attitudes and thereby making it more likely that victims will testify. The special problems surrounding elderly, child, and male rape victims are also discussed. Notes are included.
Index Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse; Counselors; Crimes against the elderly; Crisis intervention; Family counseling; Male rape victims; Rape; Rape counseling; Sexual assault victims; Victim medical assistance; Victim/Witness Advocates
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