skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 72156 Find in a Library
Title: Psychological Diagnosis in Penal Processes - The Author's Own Experiences
Journal: Psychiatria Polska  Volume:11  Issue:6  Dated:(1977)  Pages:669-676
Author(s): I Kaflik
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 8
Format: Article
Language: Polish
Country: Poland
Annotation: In recent years Polish courts have been using more expert opinions drawn up independently by psychologists in cases concerning adults; the scope of activity of psychological experts in such cases has become considerably wider.
Abstract: According to Polish law, psycholgists can perform one of three functions as experts during legal proceedings: (1) make an independent diagnosis, (2) cooperate with psychiatrists, and (3) serve a consultative function. The third function has been the most widespread in the proceedings concerning adults. However, the analysis of the 40 trials, ranging from divorce to criminal cases, that have taken place during 6 years prior to this 1977 publication shows that the courts increasingly use opinions drawn up independently by psychologists (56 percent of the cases). Most concern such questions as determination of the defendants' Intelligence Quotient, and assessments of their emotional state and alcohol intoxification at the time of the crime. Combined psychological and psychiatric opinions make up about one third (about 35 percent) of the expert opinions. While the scope of activity of psychological experts has now become considerably wider, their consultative function is still only used in 8 percent of the cases. Tabular data, discussion of the relevant literature, and references are included. -- in Polish.
Index Term(s): Defense; Expert witnesses; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime; Poland; Psychological evaluation; Psychologists
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.