skip navigation

CrimeSolutions.gov

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar

PUBLICATIONS

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 072196     Find in a Library
Title: Salient Factor Score - A Nontechnical Overview
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:44  Issue:1  Dated:(March 1980)  Pages:44-52
Author(s): P B Hoffman ; S Adelberg
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 9
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Publisher: http://www.uscourts.gov 
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A nontechnical overview of the salient factor score is presented, and its predictive power in relation to two measures of recidivism is examined.
Abstract: The U.S. Parole Commission uses the salient factor score as an aid in assessing an offender's likelihood of favorable outcome upon release. The most recent revision of the score became effective in April 1977. The instrument contains seven items: prior convictions, prior commitments, age at first commitment, whether the commitment offense involved auto theft or checks, whether parole had ever been revoked or the inmate is a probation violator, history of opiate dependence, and verified employment or full-time school attendance for at least 6 months during the last 2 years in the community. A total score ranging from 0 to 11 points is assigned; the higher the score, the higher the probability of favorable outcome upon release. The informational base for the construction of the salient factor score was obtained through the analysis of a random sample of 2,497 Federal prisoners released in 1970. An additional random sample of 2,149 prisoners released during 1971-1972 provided the informational base for validating the device. The types of release covered include parole, mandatory release, and expiration of sentence. The first measure of recidivism defines favorable outcome as no arrest for a new criminal offense resulting in a conviction and commitment of 60 days or more and no return to prison as a result of a violation of the terms of release. The second measure defines favorable outcome as no arrest for a new criminal offense (regardless of disposition) and no return to prison as a result of a violation of the terms of release. Each of the seven items in the salient factor score was found to be significantly associated with each measure of favorable outcome, although the items were more significantly related with the first measure. Data tables, footnotes, a list of definitions, and appendixes containing a score sheet and decisionmaking guidelines are included.
Index Term(s): Probation or parole decisionmaking ; Testing and measurement ; Recidivism ; US Parole Commission ; Parole outcome prediction ; Probation outcome prediction
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=72196

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.