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NCJ Number: 72398 Find in a Library
Title: Attitudinal Correlates of Employees' Deviance - Theft, Alcohol Use, and Nonprescribed Drug Use
Journal: Psychological Reports  Volume:47  Issue:1  Dated:(August 1980)  Pages:71-77
Author(s): J W Jones
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 7
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Three major forms of employees' deviance (theft, problem drinking, and illicit drug use) are examined; incidence rates and attitudinal correlates of employees' deviant behavior are documented.
Abstract: The study specifically hypothesized that the more deviant employees' attitudes tended to be in the three areas of deviance, the more likely they were to engage in within-store deviance during paid work hours. The study sample consisted of 39 employees from a relatively heterogeneous selection of companies. Employees ranged in age from 16 to 57 years; 64 percent were females and 36 percent were males. A total of 49 percent were white, 38 percent were black, and 13 percent were Hispanic, American Indian, or Asian. All employees anonymously answered the Personnel Security Inventory which measured attitudes toward theft (dishonesty scale), violence (violence scale), and alcohol/drugs (drug abuse scale). As predicted, the dishonesty scale scores and the violence attitude scores significantly correlated with the total estimated dollar amount of all merchandise stolen by employees. The drug-abuse attitude scale scores significantly correlated with the number of times an employee came to work intoxicated from illicit, nonprescribed drug use. Scores on all three predictor variables were significantly interrelated; the dishonesty scores reliably correlated with both the violence and the drug-abuse scores. The relationships among the attitude scores indicated that deviant employees seem to have a 'general moral permissiveness' toward any form of deviance. Consequently, they are cognitively predisposed to engage in a variety of crimes against their employers. Diligent screening of prospective employees is recommended to eliminate much within-store deviance by employees. Thirteen references and tables of test results are provided.
Index Term(s): Attitudes; Behavioral science research; Drug abuse; Employee theft; Personality assessment; Personnel selection; Psychological research
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