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NCJ Number: 72561 Find in a Library
Title: MMPI (Minneosta Multiphasic Personality Inventory) as a Primary Differentiator and Predictor of Behavior in Prison - A Methodological Critique and Review of the Recent Literature
Journal: Psychological Bulletin  Volume:86  Issue:5  Dated:(1979)  Pages:929-963
Author(s): M L IIGearing
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 35
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Seventy-one investigations of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) usage in prison work were systematically evaluated; an attempt was made to determine if the MMPI can become a major, valuable aid in making correctional decisions appropriate to inmates and prison programs.
Abstract: Additional studies were examined to provide a methodological basis for research comparisons, which involved sampling procedures, sources of variance and their effects on test results, protocol validity, and methods of profile interpretation. Several methodological shortcomings and various differences in procedures across studies limit the generalizability of the findings. However, research in the hostile-assaultive section has produced preliminary MMPI indicators for a type of violently aggressive behavior pattern that is otherwise difficult to detect. Other areas in which the MMPI shows promise include homosexuality, recidivism, and the classification of psychopathologic behavior. More research is needed in the areas of institutional adjustment and suicide. Recommendations for future investigation prescribe adequately controlled sampling procedures, modifications in the interpretation of protocol validity, investigation of certain methodological questions, consideration of more than one aspect of profile data, the use of base-rate probabilities in predictive studies, and the pursuit of longitudinal studies with thorough followup procedures. Several illustrative tables, 11 reference notes, and over 125 references are furnished. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Inmate classification; Personality assessment; Research design; Research methods; Testing and measurement
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