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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 72579 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Future of Childhood and Juvenile Justice
Editor(s): L T Empey
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 428
Sponsoring Agency: University of Virginia Press
Charlottesville, VA 22903
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-JA-AX-0001
Sale Source: University of Virginia Press
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A series of essays is presented on the ways in which American society has historically and currently treated its youth, with emphasis on handling youth's deviant behavior through the juvenile justice system.
Abstract: The essays generally agree that American society has viewed children as parental possessions whose primary obligation is to be obedient to the demands and values of parents and the broader adult world represented by authoritative institutions such as the school and the criminal justice system. The juvenile justice system was originally formed under the theory that the court would act as parent to normalize youth who had failed to become socialized under parental influence. Restraint and punishment have been considered important aspects of the social control of children and youth and have been persistently used by the juvenile justice system as aspects of 'treating' youth. Recent decades have seen the growth of the children's rights movement, which has seen the need to protect children from the excessive controlling and abusing actions of parents and social and legal institutions. The criminal justice system is currently experiencing both the influence of the children's rights movement, which is aiming at decriminalizing status offenses, deinstitutionalizing juveniles, and diverting them from the criminal justice system entirely, and the counterrevolutionary movement of a 'heavy-handed' approach to dealing with youth according to a 'just deserts' philosophy that punishes an offender according to the severity of the crime in the interests of justice, deterrence, and the protection of society. The essays generally advocate increasing the power of youth to choose and mold their own destinies, even in the context of the criminal justice system, where a range of possible case dispositions could be presented to the youthful offender from which he/she could choose one. Tabular data are provided for empirical studies, and references are included for each essay.
Index Term(s): Correctional planning; Deterrence effectiveness; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile processing; Labeling theory; Parent-Child Relations; Rehabilitation; Rights of minors; Schools; Sentencing reform; Social reintegration; Status offense decriminalization; Vocational training
Note: Papers from a conference held at Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio, under the auspices of the Kenyon Public Affairs Forum.
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