skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 72604 Find in a Library
Title: Bio-Chemical Needs of Juvenile Probation Referrals
Author(s): J Rowland; D Hogner; J Walden
Corporate Author: Fresno Cty Probation Dept
Research Unit
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Fresno Cty Probation Dept
Fresno, CA 93721
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Fresno County Probation Department (California) examined the feasibility of using biochemical approaches (lighting, nutrition, color) in the treatment of juvenile offenders.
Abstract: A needs assessment was conducted by the juvenile division during the first 2 weeks of January 1980. All juvenile intake referrals were screened using the Nutritional-Behavioral Inventory (N-BI) and a diet survey. These instruments were designed to detect biochemical imbalances and used to determine whether there were sufficient numbers of juveniles within the system who could benefit from an orthomolecular approach to treatment. Survey results indicated that 51 percent of the minors referred to intake and processed further appeared to have sufficient nutritional imbalances (N-BI scores of 50 or above) to warrant further biochemical testing and approximately 20 percent appeared to require complete physical examinations (N-BI scores above 70). The N-BI scale for hypoglycemia indicated 21 percent of the youths should receive further testing for hypoglycemia. Preliminary results suggested that juveniles charged with multiple property offenses, serious property offenses, major crimes against persons, or alcohol and alcohol-related offenses obtained higher average N-BI and hypoglycemia scores (indicating greater biochemical disturbances); this was also found for female offenders, 14- to 16-year-old youths, and juveniles with prior records. Family meal patterns were found to be related to N-BI and hypoglycemia scores. Most youths ate at least one meal with their families, but those who rarely, if ever, ate even one meal with their families showed higher scores on both the N-BI and the hypoglycemia scale, with many showing need for further testing. These results demonstrate the presence among the juvenile probation population of serious biochecmial problems which have been effectively treated through orthomolecular approaches with similar delinquent populations. Therefore, the probation department plans to develop programs to aid these minors. Future research and evaluation efforts will attempt to define, develop treatment approaches, and determine the efficacy of any new program or treatment approaches. Four tables are provided. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): California; Dietary influences on behavior; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile probation
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.