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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 72651 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Data Sources on White-Collar Law-Breaking
Author(s): A J Reiss; A D Biderman
Corporate Author: Bureau of Social Science Research, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 572
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Social Science Research, Inc
Washington, DC 20036
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Tampere Peace Research Institute
Tampere, Finland
Grant Number: 78-NI-AX-0132
Sale Source: Bureau of Social Science Research, Inc
1990 M Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report assesses the current status of Federal statistical information systems on white-collar lawbreaking from a perspective of the social organization of information systems; the report concludes that problems in conceptualization, classification, and counting prevent the merging of information into statistical series.
Abstract: Problems of nonmenclature are addressed, especially the implications of both 'white collar' and 'crime.' White-Collar law violations are defined as those law violations to which penalties are attached and that involve the use of a violator's position of significant power, influence, or trust in the legitimate economic or political institutional order for the purpose of illegal gain, or to commit an illegal act for personal or organizational gain. This new definition separates social status from law violation and takes into account administrative and civil as well as criminal violations of law. The importance of theoretical as well as statistical models in social reporting is emphasized. Special attention is given to compliance and penalty law enforcement models in organizing statistical reporting on white-collar law violations. Major requirements for a uniform statistical reporting system on white-collar law violation are stipulated. Emphasis falls on the development of law enforcement indicators, including indicators of organization, as well as on persons as victims and violators and on events. The absence of indicators on sanctioning and on recidivism in white-collar lawbreaking is considered. Throughout the report attention is drawn to the importance of considering the development of indicators of white-collar law violation as part of the institutional organization of Federal statistical functions. Tables, figures, and approximately 150 references are provided. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Crime Statistics; Criminal justice statistics; Information processing; Information Systems and Technology; Statistical analysis; White collar crime
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