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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 73005 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Involving the Private Sector in Administering the Ontario (Canada) Community Service Order Program
Author(s): J Roe
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The involvement of the private sector in administering the Community Service Order Program is a key development in corrections in Ontario.
Abstract: Formally introduced in November 1977 as pilot projects in six locations, Community Service Orders (CSO's) were designed to provide an alternative to incarceration and to involve the private sector in program administration. By April 1980, 35 projects were contracted. Economic rather than ideological considerations have fueled the move towards community programs for minor offenders in Ontario. Privatization was encouraged because of evident private sector interest, necessary services could be secured more economically, public services would not have to be increased, decisionmaking could be decentralized, accountability to the community could be increased, more innovative programs could be promoted, and more flexible use of human resources would be permitted. CSO's have also encouraged a broadened, more aware, and concerned public constituency. Criticism of community correctional programming is deflected at the local level because the boards are generally comprised of reputable concerned citizens. However, critics of the program charge that private sector interests are being subjected to government interests. Early problems in involving the private sector included the reluctance of the judiciary to make use of the CSO disposition, the problem of legal liability in the event of injury to offenders while performing community services, and the attitude of unions fearful of jobs being taken away from nonoffender employees. Overall, however, privatization appears to be working successfully in Ontario. Seventeen footnotes are provided.
Index Term(s): Community service order; Community-based corrections (adult); Ontario; Private sector civic involvement
Note: Paper presented at the Fourth Symposium on Restitution and Community Service Sentencing, Minneapolis, Minnesota, September 24-26, 1980.
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