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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 73012 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: PARC (Prevention of Crime, Assistance to Victims, Restitution and Community Service, Compensation by the State) - An Integrated Approach to Victimization
Author(s): J Vaughn
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using two hypothetical examples that illustrate the differing needs of victims, the article proposes an integrated approach to victimization based on crime prevention, assistance to victims, restitution, and compensation by the State (PARC).
Abstract: The PARC model attempts to integrate existing services, when possible, by shifting the focus from the offender to the victim of crime. To prevent crime, the model would create a special unit that would be part of local police and sheriff departments, would deal specifically with victims and prevent revictimization, and would work with other agencies or organizations to adopt innovative techniques. The model would also provide assistance to victims through the office of the district attorney which would provide direct or referral services. Probation departments would administer restitution, and compensation would be provided by the State in cases where an offender is not apprehended or convicted or where a victim's financial loss is too large for the restitution contract. Implementation of the model would require both an attitudinal change and the development of cooperative, functional linkages between PARC agencies. Specific actions would include institutionalizing training sessions for police, probationers, and prosecutors; developing community awareness of victim-oriented services; coordinating regional or county-level meetings of PARC representatives; and introducing public outreach campaigns to publicize PARC.
Index Term(s): Models; Police-victim interaction; Prosecutor-victim interaction; Recidivist victims; Restitution programs; Victim compensation; Victim-witness programs; Victimization models
Note: Paper presented at the Fourth Symposium on Restitution and Community Service Sentencing, Minneapolis, Minnesota, September 24-26, 1980.
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