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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 73162 Find in a Library
Title: Study of a Copied Forgery
Journal: Journal of Security Administration  Volume:3  Issue:2  Dated:(October 1980)  Pages:79-87
Author(s): D K S Puri
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An examiner of questioned documents in India explains the processes of handwriting forgery and forgery detection and applies these principles to two case examples.
Abstract: Forgery is a double process, involving the adoption of another person's writing habits and the relinquishing of one's own acquired habits. The detection of forgery depends on both the forger's skill and the document expert's ability in detection. In trying to cover up defects in the forgery, the forger often overreacts so abnormally that the product becomes even more fraudulent than it was before. Lack of efforts to cover defects does not necessarily indicate that a document is genuine, however, as illustrated by a case example involving forged ballot papers. Handwriting is an applied science consisting of optics, physiology, and psychology. Handwriting strokes in a forgery are slowly drawn as well as clumsy and tremorous. They show halting due to pen pauses as well as careful junctions to hide lifts of the pen. Retouchings can make strokes appear more like pen paintings than like normal writings. A case involving a disputed signature shows 11 differences between the genuine signature and the forgery. An appendix presents a photocopy of the signatures discussed.
Index Term(s): Case studies; Forgery; Handwriting analysis; India
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