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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 73308 Find in a Library
Title: Police-power - Arrest (Psychosociological Aspects)
Journal: Revue de science criminelle et de droit penal compare  Issue:4  Dated:(October-December 1979)  Pages:901-922
Author(s): J Susini
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 22
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Format: Article
Language: French
Country: France
Annotation: Based on a study of 'Abstracts on Police Science,' the article analyzes arrest as a typical example of police power.
Abstract: From a psychosociological point of view, the power of arrest can be considered as indicative of the underlying strata of a country's society. Frequently, arrest is also seen as an indicator of the mentality or professional ideology of a particular country's police. The article analyzes international research on arrest-related problems from 1970-1978 the United States, Great Britain, Canada, Israel, and the Federal Republic of Germany, and other countries. The issues raised include the definitions of arrest, its varied legal context, its application, and the influence of arrest on crime rates. The procedures of arrest, police attitudes toward arrest, citizen rights, and the relation between investigation and arrest are also discussed. The article concludes that the professional literature shows great awareness of this crucial police issue and raises a wide range of subjects, issues, and problems. However, in order to reach a more scientific level of discussion, researchers need to abandon their individual partisan view of the issue and exercise greater objectivity. Regardless of political creeds, police research must strive to present a neutral view of general human values so that the police can assume its true function--that of protecting the population.
Index Term(s): Arrest and apprehension; Foreign criminal justice planning; Germany; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Israel; Multinational studies; Police attitudes; Police legal limitations; Role perception; United States of America
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