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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 73344 Find in a Library
Title: Adolescents in Legal Jeopardy - Initial Success and Replication of an Alternative to the Criminal Justice System (From Effective Correctional Treatment, P 103-123, 1980, Robert R Ross and Paul Gendreau, ed. - See NCJ-73342)
Author(s): E Seidman; J Rappaport; W S Davidson
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Butterworth
Scarborough, Ontario M1P 451, Canada
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
University of Illinois
University of Illinois
Chicago, IL 60680
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: MH 22336; 75NI-99-0077 FIR
Sale Source: Butterworth
2265 Midland Avenue
Scarborough, Ontario M1P 451,

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This article describes the development, operation, and results of a multifaceted juvenile diversion program that has been effective in two midwestern American cities in diverting delinquents from deeper penetration into the juvenile justice system.
Abstract: Thirty-seven youths were referred to the diversion project by juvenile officers as an alternative to a juvenile court petition being filed. Following preassessment by four different interview-based test instruments, two-thirds of the youths were randomly assigned to the experimental group, with stratification for sex, race, police department, and order of referral. The remaining one-third was assigned to a control group. Trained college students matched on the basis of race, sex, and mutual interests worked with youths individually for 6 to 8 hours per week for an average of 4 and one-half months. Strategies used by students combined relationship skills, behavioral contracting, and child advocacy (targeting of community educational, vocational and recreational programs). Results showed that, compared to controls, experimental subjects had fewer police contacts of lesser severity and fewer court petitions filed during the first and second year followup intervals. Also, 71 percent of youths in the experimental group were still enrolled in school at project termination, while only 50 percent of the control group remained in school. It is concluded that further testing is required before this diversion model can be disseminated to other locations. Thirteen graphs, 3 data tables, and 30 references are provided.
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Juvenile court diversion; Juvenile rehabilitation; Juvenile treatment methods
Note: Invited presentation on receipt of first prize in the 1976 National Psychological Consultants to Management Watson-Wilson Consulting Psychological Research Award competition. Presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, Washington, DC, September, 1976.
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