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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 73820 Find in a Library
Title: Employment and the Probation and After-Care Service
Author(s): J Harding
Corporate Author: National Assoc for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (NACRO)
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 42
Sponsoring Agency: Barry Rose Publishers
Chichester, Sussex, England
National Assoc for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (NACRO)
London, SW9 0PU
Sale Source: Barry Rose Publishers
Little London
Chichester, Sussex, England
United Kingdom
Type: Program/Project Description
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This British paper identifies the appropriate stages in the penal process during which an offender can benefit most effectively from participating in manpower training and employment programs.
Abstract: While drawing on illustrations from employment programs in the United States and Great Britain, the paper mainly focuses on examining the options and resources available to probation officers in Great Britain. The first section deals with employment opportunities for offenders run by the probation service or voluntary organizations in the noncustodial sphere. These include pretrial intervention, day training centers, community service, hostels, and supported employment. Next, the paper concentrates on the prison experience and examines some experiments in vocational training, career counseling, and postrelease services. The third section looks at the role the probation service and other agencies can play in job development and placement services. The final section examines employment opportunities and barriers in the private and public sectors. The paper notes that although there have been some signs of success in a number of projects, no positive conclusions can be drawn until more research is done. The report recommends that interested agencies should test new strategies and develop effective monitoring and evaluation systems; that greater selectivity should be used in choosing offenders for manpower programs; and that early intervention strategies, such as pretrial help, should be developed. A bibliography of 45 references is provided. A list of British Government employment services is appended. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (adult); Correctional Day Programs; Ex-offender employment; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Inmate Programs; Pretrial programs; Probation; Vocational training; Work release
Note: Paper first written for NACRO's (National Association for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders) European Conference, December 1976, revised by author November 1977
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