skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 74062 Find in a Library
Title: Economic Criminality (From Crime and Crime Control in Scandinavia, 1976-80, P 7-15, 1980, Norman Bishop, ed. - See NCJ-74060)
Author(s): P O Traskman
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 9
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Sweden
Annotation: A professor of criminal law searches for a definition and a common terminology for economic criminality by examining both Scandinavian research in the field and those characteristics of economic crime that are not found in connection with other forms of criminality.
Abstract: Economic criminality can be divided into two categories: (1) offenses committed in connection with legitimate economic activity, such as tax, environmental, and labor offenses; and (2) offenses resulting from illegal economic activity, such as embezzlement and the many types of organized crime. Most Nordic research has been focused on the first category of economic criminality, specifically the part enterprises have played in these crimes. In addition, offenses can be categorized according to the phase of economic activity in which they occur and according to the person or the object involved. To aid the researcher in isolating specific characteristics of economic crime, further discussion focuses on which acts are criminalized, how an economic offense is committed, the extent of economic criminality in society, who commits economic crimes and why, and what is to be achieved by research on economic crime. It is argued that economic activity is regulated by internal norms of economic life (gentlemen's agreements), norms of honor (legislation), official legal norms, and penal norms. In addition, economic crimes are complicated, require special skills, and affect society in ways that are thus far unmeasurable. Because registers of those who commit economic crimes are inadequate, it is impossible to point to a particular type of individual as the culprit. It is unneccessary, however, to design a penal system on the basis of preventive theories concerning individuals, because the culprits are enterprises and not physical persons. Finally, it is emphasized that severe punishments should be applied to modern economic criminality; otherwise, it will not be possible to justify the punishment of a petty theft or a simple assault. Fourteen references are supplied.
Index Term(s): Accountability; Finland; Inmate classification; Organized crime; Research uses in policymaking; Scandinavia; White collar crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.