skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 74289 Find in a Library
Title: How to Cope With the Persistent Offenders
Author(s): H Kanayama
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 14
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: The paper describes the characteristics of persistent and habitual offenders and their incidence in Japanese prisons and suggests the propriety of an indeterminate sentence for this type of offender.
Abstract: Inmates with deep and persistent criminal tendencies (recidivists, habitual offenders, and persistent criminals) are called Class B criminals. In Japan, more than 60 percent of all inmates are Class B. Clinical subgroups of Class B are described according to their personal characteristics, problems and the possible underlying psychological cause of their problems. These overlapping subgroups include the mentally ill, the physically handicapped, gangsters, drug and alcohol addicts, groups with personality problems and others. Estimates are made of the incidence of some of these groups in Kobe Prison and in Japan as a whole. Because many of these prisoners given short terms do not make serious attempts at rehabilitation, it is suggested that for such persistent criminals, an indeterminate sentence might be practical and effective.
Index Term(s): Inmate classification; Japan
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.