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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 74393 Find in a Library
Title: Extent, Perspectives and Consequences of Violence and Vandalism in Public Schools (From Violence and Crime in the Schools, P 17-27, 1980, Keith Baker and Robert J Rubel, ed. - See NCJ-74392)
Author(s): R J Rubel
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
Sale Source: Lexington Books
866 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10022
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The historical roots and statistical evidence for increased public school violence dating from the late 1960's are discussed; Federal legislative, executive and judicial actions in response to school violence are briefly described; and the harmful effects of school violence are identified.
Abstract: Factors contributing to perceived increases in public school violence include (1) dramatic increases in school size, (2) increased use of high-technology equipment, (3) a decrease in school-administered discipline due to the increasing complexity of due process compliance procedures, and (4) initiation of data collection on school violence by newly formed offices of school security. Included are selected data on the incidence, nature and cost of school crime from the 3-year Safe School Study of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. The three major findings are the extent to which student fear affects school behavior, the predominance of violent student behavior at the junior high school level, and the decisive power of the school principal in affecting relative school safety. Federal government actions taken in response to growing school violence include public hearings on school violence, passage of the 1974 Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act, and judicial case delineation of what schools may and may not do concerning discipline, suspension, and expulsion. The loss of personal freedom due to fear, the fear of school locations and persons, the lowering of educational quality, and loss of respect for authority are discussed as consequences of violence and vandalism in public schools.
Index Term(s): Crime in schools; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime; Subculture theory
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