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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 74456 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Court Reform in Seven States
Corporate Author: National Ctr for State Courts
Publications Dept
United States of America

American Bar Assoc
Judicial Admin Division
United States of America
Editor(s): L Powell
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 160
Sponsoring Agency: American Bar Assoc
Chicago, IL 60637
National Ctr for State Courts
Williamsburg, VA 23185
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78-DF-AX-0149; 79-DF-AX-0219
Sale Source: National Ctr for State Courts
Publications Dept
300 Newport Avenue
Williamsburg, VA 23185
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Written by experts in State court reform, these articles describe the impact of court organization in Connecticut, Kentucky, Florida, New York, Utah, Washington, and Wisconsin.
Abstract: This anthology reviews moves by many States to unify trial courts, consolidate administrative structure, establish judicial merit selection and judicial discipline commissions, and unify State budgeting. An article on implementation of court reform in Kentucky discusses the historical background of court reform as well as the strategies and major aspects of reforms which affect personnel, records, facilities, and accounting. A primary goal of the Kentucky reform movement was to establish a dimension of accountability, a dimension best reflected in the creation of the Judicial Retirement and Removal Commission. An additional section evaluates Florida's reform implementation and the degree to which adoption of a 1980 amendment to article 5 of Florida's constitution on supreme court reform meets voters' expectations. The amendment to article 5 of Florida's constitution defined jurisdictional boundaries of the Florida supreme court and was written to eliminate delay and cost in appellate proceedings. Citing the 160 years of organization evolution, the article on the Connecticut court system presents a brief, historical review and examination of the periods of consolidation of numerous courts, the development of administrative machinery, and the unification of all trial courts into a single-tier court of general jurisdiction. Judicial reform in Wisconsin is seen in the context of the history of the judicial council's reform efforts. The year 1978 saw the culmination of the Wisconsin movement begun a decade earlier. Principal actors in the movement are identified, and the reasons for success are analyzed. In addition to reviewing legislative reform movement history, the article on New York provides abstracts of constitutional amendments, the reformed standards and administrative policies, and a description of the chief judge's delegation. The implementation strategies used to obtain a new court system in Utah are presented. The final article includes a history of Washington State court reform and an outline of the issues involving the basic structure, composition, and management of the judiciary. A table of contents is provided, and a list of the ABA Council of State court representatives is appended. (Author abstract modified).
Index Term(s): ABA criminal justice standards; Connecticut; Court reform; Florida; Kentucky; New York; Utah; Washington; Wisconsin
Note: Implementation of Standards of Judicial Administration (ISJA) Project
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