skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 74817 Find in a Library
Title: Justice With Mercy - The Treaties with Canada and Mexico for the Execution of Penal judgements
Journal: Brooklyn Journal of International Law  Volume:4  Dated:(1978)  Pages:246-268
Author(s): T M Schaffer
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 23
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Procedural and substantive aspects of the prisoner exchange treaties involving the United States, Canada, and Mexico are explored; ramifications with regard to international and constitutional law are highlighted.
Abstract: In July 1977 the U. S. Senate agreed to a treaty between the United States and Canada that would enable persons imprisoned for conviction of crimes in one country to serve their sentences in the prisons of the other country. Shortly thereafter, a similar treaty was approved between the United States and Mexico. Impetus for the treaties involved tensions that had arisen between the United States and Mexico over the treatment of United States citizens who were detained in Mexican prisons. The treaties represent the first peacetime exchange of prisoners ever engaged in by these Nations. The basic concept of the Mexican Treaty is stated in its first article. Sentences imposed in the United States or in Mexico on nationals of the other country may be served in the country of their nationality. Probationary and parole sentences are included. The treaty does not apply to all prisoners; the offense for which the offender is sentenced must be 'generally punishable' as a crime in the receiving jurisdiction. In addition, the offender may not be a domiciliary of the transferring jurisdiction. Special provisions are made for youthful and mentally unsound individuals. The Candian Treaty parallels the Mexican Treaty in most essential points both substantively and procedurally. The treaties represent a significant positive step towards the goal of international cooperation in the realm of criminal law. They are uncomplicated procedurally; challenge established concepts of conflicts of law regarding foreign penal judgments that have served little beneficial purpose; and present no affront to United States jurisprudence. A total of 149 footnotes are included.
Index Term(s): Canada; Incarceration; International agreements; International inmate exchanges; Laws and Statutes; Mexico; United States of America
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.