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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 75016 Find in a Library
Title: National Safe School Study - Overview and Implications
Author(s): M D Wayne
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Eric Document Reproduction Service
Arlington, VA 22210
Sale Source: Eric Document Reproduction Service
P. O. Box 190
Arlington, VA 22210
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Research results from a 3-year study of school crime conducted by the National Institute of Education are presented and suggestions based on the results are given.
Abstract: The National Safe School Study assessed the incidence and seriousness of school crime through a national study. The number and location of schools affected, the costs, the means of prevention used, and the effectiveness of these means were ascertained. More than 4,000 elementary and secondary schools were surveyed and a representative sample of 642 junior and senior high schools was visited by onsite representatives for more detailed study. Although school violence appears to be waning, it is still a serious problem. Several factors are associated with school violence, including high crime rate and the presence of gangs in the area; a high proportion of male students; large schools and classes; and a lack of principal firmess, fairness, and predictability in enforcement. Factors associated with vandalism include high crime rate, large schools, lack of good rule enforcement policies by principals, lack of family integration and discipline, poor coordination between faculty and administration, and a high degree of stress on grades. Teacher attitudes toward pupils, school, and teaching are negatively related to school vandalism. Schools where there is intense competition for leadership status are more likely to have greater property losses. A central conclusion of the study is that strong, consistent, clear school governance, particularly by principals, is helpful in reducing school crime. Personalization of schools and effective security measures are also helpful. (Author/ERIC abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Crime Control Programs; Crime in schools; Crime prevention measures; School security; School vandalism; School vandalism causes
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. Presented at the 1979 Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco (California).
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