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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 75279 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Reduction of Pretrial Delay - Demonstration Project
Author(s): L R Katz
Corporate Author: Case Western Reserve University
School of Law
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 117
Sponsoring Agency: Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, OH 44106
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 73-NI-99-0015-G
Type: Program Description (Model)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This final report describes a project which was aimed at reducing pretrial delays in the demonstration cities of New Haven, Connecticut; Norfolk, Virginia; and Salt Lake City, Utah.
Abstract: The project, which was initiated in 1973, formalized the procedure of plea bargaining through the cooperation of prosecuting and defense attorneys in order to reduce the average length of time between arrest and indictment and to reduce the felony dockets of trial courts by 25 percent through early disposition. Project activities in each of the cities are described in individual sections. The results showed than the demonstration procedures, which were adapted to local institutions and needs, were responsible for the speedier dispositions of criminal cases. In two of the cities, the project intervention also resulted in a marked change in the handling of criminal cases both from prosecution and defense perspectives and in the attention given by the system to persons accused of crimes as well as their victims. The effect of the project on the quality of justice cannot be determined; however, it is assumed that a review of a case by prosecutors where none had previously existed represents an improvement from the community's perspective, and that defense intervention on behalf of a defendant within days rather than weeks of an arrest constitutes an improvement in defense services. In addition, earlier intervention may represent a diminution of a defendant's ability to beat the system on grounds other than the lack of merit in the State's case. The project's early disposition procedures are recommended for other cities which are experiencing a delay problem. Footnotes are included and data tables are appended. (Related document -- see NCJRS 75280).
Index Term(s): Connecticut; Court case flow management; Court delays; Court reform; Model programs; Plea negotiations; Pretrial procedures; Prosecutorial screening; Utah; Virginia
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