skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 75410 Find in a Library
Title: Basic Education (From Breakthrough for Disadvantaged Youth, P 117-136, 1969, William Mirengoff, ed. - See NCJ-75406)
Author(s): P C Sexton
Date Published: 1969
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Instructional Material
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a review of project reports and visits to eight programs, this paper examines the basic education components of experimental and demonstration (E&D) programs for disadvantaged youth funded by the Manpower Administration in the 1960's.
Abstract: The basic education activities conducted in the following six projects are summarized: Neighborhood House in North Richmond, Calif.; Mayor's Youth Employment Project, Detroit; Lane County Youth Project in Eugene, Oreg.; Job Opportunities Through Better Skills, Chicago; and Mobilization for Youth and Young Men's Christian Association's Bedford-Stuyvesant Project in New York City. The five urban projects dealt primarily with blacks, although a trend to move away from male youths to young mothers with dependent children was observed. Only the Oregon program involved nonurban, white males. Innovative aspects of the projects included the development of new instructional materials, individual instruction, and efforts to relate basic education to job skills. All project directors appeared flexible and eager to encourage innovation, despite inherent program restrictions which often hindered their efforts. The summary of project experiences covers characteristics of the student population, instructional methods, curriculum materials, incentives, class size, and physical facilities. Relations with the public schools are discussed briefly. The study concluded that health and nutritional needs of the students had to be considered before an educational program could be effective and that training and basic education should be provided on the job, whenever possible. Other recommendations concerned paying stipends for class attendance, using tradesmen as instructors and counselors, developing reading as a habit, establishing more residential facilities, and improving the classrooms' physical appearances. An annotated bibliography of 13 references on basic education is provided.
Index Term(s): Course materials; Curriculum; Educational courses; Federal programs; Low income target groups; Minority employment; Program evaluation; Remedial education; Unemployment; Youth employment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.