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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 75707 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Alcohol-Related Crime - Problems of Social Response
Journal: International Review of Criminal Policy  Issue:32  Dated:(1976)  Pages:21-25
Author(s): J R Tinklenberg
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: Commonwealth Fund
New York, NY 10021
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
Van Ameringen Foundation, Inc
New York, NY 10022
Grant Number: AA0498
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The complexities and issues of public policy which arise in attempting to apply modern scientific methods to the observed association between violent behavior and the use of alcohol are considered.
Abstract: Pharmacological considerations which can complicate scientific study linking violent behavior and the use of alcohol focus on the ways in which alcohol affects behavior. Pharmacological studies have analyzed the ways in which alcohol affects behavior according to dosage levels, have linked higher alcohol levels with lethal outcomes, have questioned the effects of psychoactive agents other than ethyl alcohol which are naturally found in alcoholic beverages, and have questioned the validity of linking alcohol to violent behavior because alcohol is often used in conjunction with other drugs. Behavioral factors also complicate scientific analysis of alcohol and violence; alcohol tolerance, age, the developmental level of the alcohol user, and previous experience with alcohol all may influence behavioral responses. Further, personality characteristics of individuals are frequently related to their response to drugs and tendencies toward abuse. Although caution must be used in interpreting data from studies linking alcohol to aggressive behavior and from empirical observation and crime statistics, substantial evidence exists that when drugs are implicated in a serious crime, alcohol is the drug most often present. Policy makers need to focus more attention on problem youth in general and to form public policy directed towards reducing intoxicant-related crimes with greater emphasis on alcohol instead of on the more exotic drugs. A list of 34 references is included.
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Alcohol-Related Offenses; Behavior patterns; Policy; Research uses in policymaking; Violence
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