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NCJ Number: 75824 Find in a Library
Title: Study of Selected Demographic Variables and Recidivism With Adult Male Probationers
Journal: Journal of Employment Counseling  Volume:16  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1979)  Pages:111-114
Author(s): B M Anderson; T F Field
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 4
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The relationship between age, education, and prior offenses and recidivism rates was explored in a group of adults on probation.
Abstract: The case files of 125 subjects were examined to gather data, and subjects were grouped into one of three categories based on the nature of their offense: (1) crimes against persons, (2) drug and alcohol offenses, and (3) crimes against property. Analysis of data using ANOVA (analysis of variance) indicated no significant differences among the three groups based on race, employment, or marital status. No relationship was found between these factors and felony convictions. Significant relationships were found between (1) age and educational level and prior offenses, (2) education and prior felonies, and (3) prior offenses and prior felonies. In the crimes against persons group, one significant relationship was found -- that between prior offenses and prior felonies. The drug and alcohol offense group showed a significant relationship between age and education and prior offenses. Significant relationships in the crimes against property group were (1) age and prior offenses and felonies, (2) education and prior offenses and felonies, and (3) prior offenses and prior felonies. For all three groups, the older the offender, the more prior offenses were likely to have been recorded. The relationship between education and prior criminal activity is unclear. Additional research is needed to determine the significance of these relationships to recidivism. Eight references are included and tabular data is provided.
Index Term(s): Probation; Recidivism
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