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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 76215 Find in a Library
Title: Children in Custody - Advance Report on the 1979 Census of Private Juvenile Facilities
Corporate Author: US Dept of Justice
Law Enforcement Assistance Admin
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
United S
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from the 1979 census of private juvenile facilities, conducted early in 1980 by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, are presented in tabular form and summarized for this preliminary report.
Abstract: Tabular data are broken down by year (1974, 1975, 1977, and 1979); by type of facility (open or institutional); and by State (50 States and the District of Columbia). Preliminary data show a 3-percent decrease in the number of privately operated juvenile custody facilities between yearend 1977 and 1979, indicating a slight reversal after a one-fourth increase between 1975 and 1977. All but 5 percent were long-term or postplacement establishments. A 2-percent reduction in resident population centered on status offenders, pointing to continued efforts to deinstitutionalize juveniles in this category -- a key objective of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974. As was the case among facilities operated directly by government agencies, the decrease in juveniles was entirely among girls, whereas the count of boys showed a small increase. The ratio of committed to detained youth rose from 26 to 1 in 1977 to 30 to 1 in 1979, further strengthening the private sector's principal role of providing postadjudication care for committed juveniles. At the end of 1979, only 2 percent of private facilities were being used at more than 100 percent of design capacity, and almost a fifth were less than 70 percent occupied. Population declines were reported in about half of all States during 1977-79, following gains in approximately three-fifths from 1975 to 1977. Illinois, Washington, and Minnesota registered the largest decreases in juveniles, whereas Pennsylvania, Arkansas, and Tennessee were the leading gainers in absolute numbers. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (juvenile); Contract corrections services; Female juvenile delinquents; Juvenile correctional facilities; Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile Corrections/Detention statistics; Juvenile statistics; Male juvenile delinquents; Residential child care institutions; Statistics
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