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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 76236 Find in a Library
Title: Children's Hearings
Editor(s): F M Martin; K Murray
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 252
Sponsoring Agency: Columbia University Press
New York, NY 10025
Sale Source: Columbia University Press
562 W. 113th Street
New York, NY 10025
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: A collection of essays describes the development of the juvenile justice system in Scotland, the structure and operation of the system, with special emphasis on children's hearings, and critical issues raised by the new system.
Abstract: The Scottish system of children's hearings was established in the 1968 Social Work Act which thoroughly reformed the Scottish juvenile justice system even before similar steps were taken in England and Wales. The present discussions of children's hearings are designed to serve as a text for training children's panel members, to inform concerned laymen, and to articulate the experience of participants in the system. Most of the contributors have been closely associated with the hearing system. The book contains five sections. The first section is devoted to the historical origins of the hearings system, its objectives and structure, its relationship to the court system, and hearings statistics. The second section examines the roles of the principal components of the system: the police, the reporter, the children's panel, and the social work department. While the third section centers around the hearing process, it also considers theoretical and practical matters such as theories of delinquency; problems of assessment, of interviewing, and of assessment of reports; and rules of procedure. In the fourth section contributors outline the services provided by a number of agencies with resources used by children's hearings; i.e., social work services, residential and intermediate treatment facilities, schools, psychiatric services, and child guidance services. Finally, the last section discusses the underlying principles of children's hearings, means for protecting children's rights, differences between American and Scottish juvenile justice reforms, experiences with panel membership, and strengths and weaknesses of the hearings system. Several tables, notes for individual chapters, and a selected bibliography are supplied.
Index Term(s): Court reform; Court reorganization; Hearings; Juvenile justice system; Rights of minors; Scotland; Social work
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