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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 76347 Find in a Library
Title: Causes of Crime
Corporate Author: Police Science Services, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Sponsoring Agency: Not Available Through National Institute of Justice/NCJRS Document Loan Program
Rockville, MD 20849
Police Science Services, Inc
Niles, IL 60648
Sale Source: Police Science Services, Inc
6633 West Howard Street
Niles, IL 60648
United States of America

Not Available Through National Institute of Justice/NCJRS Document Loan Program
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This audiovisual kit for police officers and students brings together the biological, psychological, and social causes of crime and reviews the political theories of crime causation.
Abstract: The kit outlines various biological theories which contend that criminal actions are motivated by physical characteristics such as body type, inherited traits such as chromosomal makeup, hormonal imbalances, and psychological defects. In addition, psychological theories are described that focus on four motivations behind many crimes: intense guilt, a desire for punishment, the need to assert individuality or masculinity, and retaliation for actual or imagined wrongs. Sociological theories are presented in two groups: social-psychological theories which see criminal behavior as learned by example and which study the effect of crime on the personality formation and basic normality of the individual; and culture-centered theories which place primary emphasis on general conditions in society rather than on the individual. Theories of differential association, reinforcement, and containment are included in the social-psychological group; theories of anomie, opportunity, lower class values, and racial discrimination compose the culture-centered group. The political theories of the labeling model and of radical criminology are also discussed, and the role of the victim as a major contributor to the criminal act is examined. An instructor's guide, a high-fidelity cassette, and a set of 80 35mm slides are included.
Index Term(s): Audiovisual aids; Biological influences; Crime causes theory; Criminology; Police training resources; Psychological theories; Sociology; Victim crime precipitation
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. This is a kit containing 80 slides, a 15 minute cassette tape, an instructor's guide, and quiz questions. (No rental is available.) A professional procedures program.
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