skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 76383 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders - Individual Outcome and System Effects
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:18  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1981)  Pages:4-33
Author(s): I A Spergel; F G Reamer; J P Lynch
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: Illinois Law Enforcement Cmssn (see Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority)

US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 76-NI-99-9948; 76-JN-99-0011; 78-JN-AX-9994
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This evaluation of a statewide deinstitutionalization program for status offenders in Illinois shows that a large scale intervention program should consider its effects on all of the justice and service system components.
Abstract: The Illinois Status Offender Services (ISOS), a part of a nationwide strategy, was designed to provide youths with crisis intervention; brief counseling; and, if necessary, temporary placement in a foster or shelter home as alternatives to secure detention. The study sampled youths from Cook County (primarily the city of Chicago) and Macon County (primarily the city of Decatur). A total of 305 youths served by ISOS between July 1976 and January 1977 were compared with 222 youths placed in secure detention between July 1975 and January 1976. The results showed that institutionalization, or secure detention, and a community-based program for status offenders did not differ in their effects on youths' subsequent contacts with the juvenile justice system. This was true for both status and delinquent offenses. Moreover, with the reduction of status offenses, the relative proportion of delinquencies rose for both detention and alternative groups. The differences were especially marked for males, who changed from a behavioral pattern consisting predominantly of status offenses to predominantly delinquent offenses. Also, although the number of contacts with the justice system following intervention clearly dropped for both groups, the data suggested that maturation was a factor. The findings also indicated that youths arrested for a status offense who were considered detainable tended to be mixed offenders. In the future, evaluations should examine more closely the responses of both individual clients and justice and social service systems to programs designed to affect juvenile misbehavior. Statistical and graphic data, footnotes, and about 20 references are included.
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Crisis intervention; Deinstitutionalization; Illinois; Juvenile detention; Juvenile shelter care; Juvenile status offenders; Juvenile treatment methods; Program evaluation; Status offender deinstitutionalization
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.