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NCJ Number: 76394 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Future of Offender Classification - Some Cautions and Prospects
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:8  Issue:1  Dated:(March 1981)  Pages:15-38
Author(s): C B Clements
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Washington, DC 20203
Grant Number: MH-13202
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Offender classification practices are reviewed, requirements for efficient systems are considered, and the role of classification deficiencies in prison conditions litigation is summarized.
Abstract: Classification has not yet delivered on its promise as a treatment and corrections management tool, although a number of classification taxonomies and systems have been developed. The problem has been one of inertia rather than the absence of guidelines. Good classification systems should offer sufficient flexibility to classify all inmates, offer clear operational definitions, provide reliability and internal validity, reflect status changes, match inmates with intervention approaches, and offer the opportunity for economic administration. The system should not exclude inmates from any services and should collect data from a range of sources. Currently, two systems are being assessed: one based on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory and another based on the 16 - Personality Factor questionnaire. Recently, judges have come to view classification deficiencies as heavily implicated in the fostering of other prison inadequacies, and the courts have found relationships between classification and general prison deficiencies. Inmate rights suits have mentioned misleading or inefficient systems. Classification error is also related to overcrowding. Notes, 21 references, and 7 case citations are included. Appendices provide classification guidelines which include additional references.
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Corrections effectiveness; Inmate classification; Inmate lawsuits; Treatment offender matching
Note: Earlier version of this article was prepared as a background paper for a conference on Current Issues in Prison Litigation.
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