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NCJ Number: 76521 Find in a Library
Title: Urban Crime and Capitalist Accumulation - 1950 - 1971 (From Crime and Capitalism, P 140-156, 1981, David F Greenberg, ed. - See NCJ-76520)
Author(s): D Wallace; D Humphries
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Mayfield Publishing Co
Palo Alto, CA 94301
Sale Source: Mayfield Publishing Co
285 Hamilton Avenue
Palo Alto, CA 94301
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The relationship between fluctuations in urban crime rates and changes in business investment practices in cities was investigated.
Abstract: Four areas of analysis were examined: (1) the effect of manufacturing labor force size changes on the crime rate, (2) the effect of changes in the central city hardship index on personal and violent crime rates, (3) regional characteristics' effect on crime rates, and (4) the effect of capital accumulation on the relationship between population density and crime rates. Demographic information and criminal justice data were examined. Regional characteristics generally were not related to crime activity, although relationships were found between some regions and some types of crime. Areas in which accumulation activities were concentrated has lower personal violence and property crime incidences. Decreases in the size of manufacturing labor forces - the result of capital investment changes - were related to increases in violent and property crime. Cities in which police force size increased between 1950 and 1970 had lower property crime rates and higher homicide rates. The results indicate that capital accumulation and investment patterns influence the rates of violent and property crimes. Notes and 51 references are included.
Index Term(s): Capital investment; Capitalism; Crime rate studies; Property crimes; Urban criminality; Violent crimes
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