skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 76644 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Irrelevance of Evaluation Research for Decision Making - Case Studies From the Community Anti-Crime Program
Author(s): K J Snapper; D A Seaver
Corporate Author: Decision Sciences Consortium, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 126
Sponsoring Agency: Decision Sciences Consortium, Inc
Falls Church, VA 22043
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 79-NI-AX-0107
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Case studies from the Community Anti-Crime Program funded by LEAA are used in an analysis of decisionmaking and of some of the limitation and biases resulting from typical approaches to evaluation.
Abstract: Evaluations are designed to provide useful information, often to aid program decisions. Typical evaluation approaches are likely to seriously bias decisions against programs, however, in part because they rely on past data, whereas decisions are related to the future. In addition, assessment of the net differences between benefits and costs is likely to be highly dependent on the timing of the evaluation. Moreover, large programs, such as the Community Anti-Crime Program, are likely to take longer than smaller programs to yield a net excess of benefit over cost. Decision-theoretic approaches to evaluation can be successfully used in decisions at the project level and decisions regarding the refunding of programs. Decision analysis is a proper aid for helping decisionmakers when a particular decision problem is identified. A net utility model of decisionmaking is described and its usefulness is demonstrated. This kind of technique can be used at a fraction of the cost of a typical evaluation. Application of this approach suggests that community anticrime approaches would have become highly cost effective had they not been terminated and that at least some of the anticrime projects achieved a high degree of incorporation into existing community institutions. Footnotes, tables, diagrams, and 36 references are included.
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Decisionmaking; Evaluation; Evaluation techniques; Models; Program evaluation
Note: Technical Report 80-12
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.