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NCJ Number: 76655 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Observational and Diagnostic Facilities for the Institutionalised Delinquents - A Study of the Absence of Standardized Correlates Between Etiology and Modes of Treatment
Journal: Indian Journal of Criminology  Volume:9  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1981)  Pages:34-40
Author(s): D P Saxena
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: India
Annotation: The absence of standardized correlates between etiology and modes of treatment for juvenile delinquents in India is examined.
Abstract: Juvenile delinquency is a complex problem, and any simple generalization about its cause or causes is not possible. Further, the causes are so mixed and overlapping that the identification of any set of causes in a given case is difficult. India has thus far developed only seven possible modes of treatment for juvenile delinquents. In the observation and diagnostic work, efforts are made to study each case indepth and prepare a complete case history. The report also makes recommendations about treatment. This report is submitted to the juvenile court magistrate for consideration in the final disposition of the case. There is, however, a gap between the development of the etiology of juvenile delinquency in a given case and the modes of treatment applied. Some of the causes of this are (1) lack of sufficient time to develop a comprehensive background report prior to the hearing, (2) a scarcity of observation and diagnostic facilities for juvenile delinquents, and (3) the absence of a central classification unit equipped for scientific observation and diagnosis by a multidisciplinary team. In order improve diagnosis, which is the foundation for proper treatment, there should be a diagnostic team consisting of a sociologist, psychologist, doctor, social case worker, probation officer, and magistrate. Further, juvenile court magistrates should be selected on the basis of their knowledge, experience, and attributes which would equip them to deal wisely with each case. There should be a statutory provision for the remanding of a child to a safe place after arrest and prior to the hearing, where adequate diagnosis can be conducted. Also, observation homes should be regularly evaluated for certification. General aspects of juvenile delinquency etiology and modes of treatment in India are listed in tabular form.
Index Term(s): Diagnostic and reception processing; India; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile offender classification; Program evaluation; Treatment offender matching
Note: Talk delivered at the State Level Training Course on Juvenile Delinquency Control, University of Udaipur (Rajasthan) from March 28 to April 10, 1979.
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