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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 76673 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Justice System - Finland
Corporate Author: Canada Correctional Service
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 61
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Correctional Service
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0P9, Canada
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English; French
Country: Canada
Annotation: Prepared as a background paper by Canada's Strategic Planning Committee for its deliberations on the long-term future of the Correctional Service of Canada, this report examines the criminal justice and correctional systems of Finland.
Abstract: Finland's criminal justice system is described in the areas of philosophy, administration, operations, sentencing, sanctions, and trends; the correctional system is outlined under the topics of philosophy, policy, administration, conditions, operations, evaluation, and trends. A return to the neoclassical scheme of general prevention through criminal law is evident in the development and current state of the Finnish criminal justice system; the focus is on the offense and away from the offender, although the emphasis is on the symbolic value of punishment and certainty of sanctions, not on the severity of punishments given. With the demise of the rehabilitation philosophy, emphasis is given to deterrence and uniformity of sentencing. Because of resource restrictions, Finland has been forced to adopt a rigid cost-benefit approach in the use of penal and social resources. However, inmate rights are given high priority in budgetary decisions. Penal reform is focusing on the development of less restrictive prison regimes, notably open prisons, and normalization of institutions. There are also attempts to minimize the number of inmates through the use of traditional and novel noninstitutional sentences. Appended are statistics, a list of external factors affecting the criminal justice system, organizational charts, reform proposals, an update, and nine references. An identical report in French is provided.
Index Term(s): Correctional planning; Correctional reform; Corrections effectiveness; Deterrence; Finland; Future trends; Policy; Prisoner's rights; Sentencing/Sanctions
Note: Thirty-two pages of this document is a French version of Strategic Planning Committee background paper number 4.
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