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NCJ Number: 76702 Find in a Library
Title: Analyzing Police Policies - The Impact of Environment, Politics, and Crime
Journal: Urban Affairs Quarterly  Volume:11  Issue:4  Dated:(June 1976)  Pages:489-510
Author(s): D R Morgan; C Swanson
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 22
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Results are reported from a study that compared the relative effects of environmental influences, political variables, and crime measures on the willingness of communities and their police departments to adopt innovative law enforcement strategies.
Abstract: The study was guided by a modified systems approach, where variations in commitment to certain production strategies were viewed as resulting from three basic forces -- socioeconomic environment, political/governmental influences, and crime milieu. Using sample and partial correlation techniques, the study found that all three environmental pressures had important but varying influences on intermediate-level law enforcement policies. Both a political revenue effort and crime indicator were more closely related to the expenditure/manpower variable than were any of the socioeconomic characteristics. Path analysis revealed that a city's demographic composition was largely an indirect determinant of the community's financial commitment to the police function. For two of the four production strategies, demographic influences were especially important when compared with political and crime factors; on the other hand, for those policies more likely to affect citizens' lives directly (manpower levels and community relations programs), certain political measures, along with the crime environment, mattered most. No evidence linked reformed city governments with more progressive police practices. Findings would indicate that innovative police practices do not spread uniformly among large city departments and that different dimensions of professionalization are not related to the same environmental influences. Notes, 26 references, and tabular and graphic data are provided. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Economic influences; Environmental influences; Police management; Police manpower deployment; Police resource allocation; Police services coordination; Political influences; Research; Social change; Social conditions; Urban area studies
Note: Article is a revised version of a paper delivered at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, Illinois, May 1974.
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=76702

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