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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 76708 Find in a Library
Title: Mentally Retarded Defendant/Offender
Journal: Journal of Special Education  Volume:14  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring 1980)  Pages:113-119
Author(s): C L Reichard; J Spencer; F Spooner
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 7
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A study of 36 State court administrators on the subject of the mentally retarded defendant-offender found that most States have not yet adopted a definition of mental retardation, are ignorant of the prevalence of mentally retarded inmates in their States, and are not providing training for judges and lawyers to deal with such people.
Abstract: Most States were found to be concerned with the retarded defendant's competence to stand trial and were providing alternative placement of those judged incompetent. However, few States are providing training in understanding the judicial proceedings for those retarded persons found competent to stand trial. The treatment of retarded offenders is poor nationwide. Recommendations include the creation of special courts cognizant of the differential needs of the retarded, specialized training for judges and lawyers, a variety of alternative programs for appropriate placement, and specialized rehabilitation educational training for retarded inmates. One table and eight references are included.
Index Term(s): Defendants; Defense services; Inmate Programs; Offenders with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities; Pretrial programs; State courts; Surveys
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