skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 76778 Find in a Library
Title: Forging a National Correctional Policy - The Canadian Perspective (From American Correctional Association - Proceedings, P 63-70, 1981, Barbara Hadley Olsson and Ann Dargis, ed. - See NCJ-76771)
Author(s): D R Yeomans
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: American Correctional Assoc
Alexandria, VA 22314
Sale Source: American Correctional Assoc
206 N. Washington St., Suite 200
Alexandria, VA 22314
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An overview of the Canadian corrections system is given in this paper presented at the 110th Congress of Correction of the American Correctional Association, including a comparison of the Canadian and American systems and a discussion of national corrections policy determination.
Abstract: Unlike the American system, the Canadian corrections system is not hampered by fragmentation due to State and local program operation. In addition, the Canadian constitutional system does not provide a base for judicial intervention into corrections system operation. Total Canadian corrections expenditures are only about 10 percent as large as those in the United States; however, costs per inmate in Canada are twice as high as those in the United States. The daily average Canadian inmate population totals about 23,000 inmates, an imprisonment rate significantly lower than that of the United States. An established national policy direction is needed in Canada to ensure that resources are used wisely and that corrections efforts are perceived realistically, to foster high morale among corrections personnel, and to facilitate negotiations among various levels of government. Any national policy developed must be both realistic and challenging. Such a program must include mechanisms for evaluating program effectiveness, must provide for flexibility, and must involve both the corrections and lay communities. Strong leadership is needed by corrections administrators, professional associations, citizen advisory groups, and private individuals if a national policy is to be created. Public education initiatives will be required to ensure a smooth implementation of any new policy.
Index Term(s): Canada; Correctional planning; Corrections statistics; Decisionmaking; Governmental planning; Policy; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Public education
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.