skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 76803 Find in a Library
Title: Prisoners in 1980
Journal: Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin  Issue:3  Dated:(May 1981)  Pages:complete issue
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Statistics from the National Prisoner Statistics (NPS) Program are presented, including 1980 data on the prison population, overcrowded facilities, and changes in State legislation related to increased inmate populations.
Abstract: During 1980, more than 15,000 inmates were added to the rolls of the Nation's correctional institutions, continuing an upward trend of more than a decade. As correctional authorities coped with a record yearend total of 329,122 inmates, 28 States and the District of Columbia were under court orders to reduce overcrowding, and 16 States had a backlog of sentenced prisoners waiting in local jails for space in State facilities. However, the 1980 gain in prison population was limited to State facilities. The number of prisoners under the jurisdiction of Federal authorities fell by almost 8 percent to 24,363, continuing a decline begun in 1978 that has reduced the Federal population by one-fourth in 3 years. Factors relevant to the increased inmate population in State facilities include mandatory sentencing statutes, determinate sentencing laws, and passage of speedy trial acts. The number of women in State and Federal institutions grew slightly more than 2 percent in 1980, which is less than half the rate for men and substantially below the rapid increase of the mid-1970's. Women represented only 4 percent of the prison population, a proportion that has remained constant since 1975. Data are reported on overcrowding and changes in specific States' legislation relating to sentencing. Tables give statistics on prisoners for each State and for Federal institutions and the number of State prisoners, by State, held in local jails because of overcrowding. Information on the availability of annual reports including a final report on the prison population in 1980 is included. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Federal correctional facilities; Female inmates; Inmate statistics; Jail statistics; Overcrowding; State correctional facilities; State-by-state analyses
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.