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NCJ Number: 76823 Find in a Library
Title: Principal Aspects of Modern European Penology
Journal: American Philosophical Society Proceedings  Volume:118  Issue:3  Dated:(June 7, 1974)  Pages:254-259
Author(s): M Ancel
Date Published: 1974
Page Count: 6
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Since the treatment model in corrections, popular in Western Europe after World War II, has not decreased crime, sanctions which do not involve deprivation of liberty should be explored, according to this French expert.
Abstract: Following World War II, European countries generally initiated penal reforms. For example, France substituted education instead of punishment for treating juvenile delinquents. Italy proclaimed that punishment should have as its aim the social readaptation of the offender. However, new forms of criminality have surfaced, needing new control strategies. These new forms include economic crimes, pollution, and drug abuse. The new strategies for dealing with them include open institutions, more and more approximating those of free labor, the maintenance and extension of relations with the outside world, and group therapy and counseling. Yet rates of recidivism stay high and are often practically the same whether the offenders have been submitted to a modern treatment or have served their time under old conditions. As a consequence, some reforms have been abandoned; such as preventive detention of multirecidivists and corrective training. The solution may lie in viewing the prison as only the end stage of reaction to crime. Many crimes and kinds of antisocial conduct can be handled by other sanctions. For example, Great Britain is now studying measures applied in Eastern Europe, where correctional labor is organized without deprivation of liberty. Thus, European penology is again attracted to bold experiments, despite the present challenge of crime. Nine footnotes are included. For related articles, see NCJ 76819.
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Custody vs treatment conflict; Europe; Penology
Note: Presented at the Symposium on Current Aspects of Penology, November 9, 1973.
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