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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 76865 Find in a Library
Title: Violent Crime in Alberta - Strategies for the Prevention of Violent Crime
Author(s): J Hackler; L Gauld
Corporate Author: University of Alberta
Population Research Lab
Centre for Criminological Research
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 44
Sponsoring Agency: Alberta Legislative Assembly
Edmonton, Alberta T5K 2B6, Canada
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E1, Canada
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: In this concluding paper of a violent crime study, it is suggested that the most effective policies for deterring violence are those geared towards lowering the total amount of violence committed by everyone and especially those which seek to attain a modest reduction of family violence.
Abstract: The socialization process and internalized values keep most people from committing crimes and not the police or fear of punishment. Present policies such as the Dangerous Sexual Offender Act and the Habitual Offender legislation may meet the emotional needs of the public but are ineffective in providing protection from violence. Present strategies are based on certain stereotypes which result in a presumption of guilt and a harsher application of criminal proceedings against those who fit the stereotypes. In formulating an approach that would have a genuinely meaningful impact on violent crime, policymakers must not attempt to focus on single elements in the violent crime situation. More effective policies would be those aimed at reduction of spouse or child abuse, those which might strengthen the quality of family life and provide relief to families under stress, and those which would remove restraints that keep violent families together. Such policies would probably not only have a greater impact on the general incidence of violence but would also serve to reduce the chances of police injuries, since the large majority of those occur during domestic disputes. A graph, tabular data, and 39 references are included. Two brief related papers are appended. For related documents, see NCJ 76862-4. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Alberta; Canada; Crime prevention measures; Deterrence; Policy; Violent crimes
Note: Paper number 4 of the Violent Crime Study
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