skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 76998 Find in a Library
Title: Understanding Alcoholism and the Alcoholic Offender
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:44  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1980)  Pages:52-56
Author(s): G Cunningham
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Recent insights concerning the nature of alcoholism are presented, and the role of probation officers in helping clients with drinking problems is discussed.
Abstract: In the past, alcoholism was seen as a hopeless, untreatable condition met with most often among skid row bums or persons of a certain nationality, socioeconomic class, or personality type. However, alcoholism is not limited to one type or class of person in society; it is a highly treatable disease, especially if it is diagnosed in its early stages. Alcoholism is now seen as a primary disease involving a broad range of social, emotional, and physical factors. As the disease develops, the alcoholics' day-to-day functioning becomes more problematic. Their memories start to fail and ego boundaries become more diffuse. Alcoholics must then find ways of compensating through the manipulation of significant others in their environment. They usually deny the disease and indicate that their real problems lie elsewhere. The disease affects the alcoholics' families by complicating interpersonal psychodynamics and causing economic problems, physical illness, and emotional isolation among the nonalcoholic family members. The stresses within such a family make them more vulnerable to the normal life stresses that all families and individuals must face. Alcoholism must be treated as a disease. The officers should be well acquainted with their communities' alcoholism treatment programs that use enlightened approaches. Officers can help clients by providing information about the nature of the disease when drinking problems appear to be developing. For more advanced cases, they can help clients recognize the seriousness of the problem; and they can participate in an interdisciplinary and multifaceted treatment strategy while providing ongoing support. Footnotes with references are included.
Index Term(s): Alcoholics; Alcoholism; Alcoholism treatment programs; Probation or parole officers
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.