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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77031 Find in a Library
Title: Officer Reaction - The Key to Survival
Journal: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin  Volume:50  Issue:5  Dated:(May 1981)  Pages:12-15
Author(s): J Walsh
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Defensive Combat Course for close range revolver combat offered at the Ohio State Highway Patrol Training Academy is described.
Abstract: While most firearms training is strictly offensive with little or no stress involved, this course requires officers to develop tactics and quick reactions in returning fire and to scramble for available cover while experiencing the stress of a shooting situation. Blanks are used in speically prepared revolvers so that officers may experience the shock of being hit while attempting to maintain enough composure to react in an effective manner. The training situations were designed using data from actual shooting cases involving Ohio State troopers. These data show that most officers were assaulted with handguns at very close range. Since officers are most likely to confront persons who have been drinking, most of the simulated situations -- such as stopping a motor vehicle -- are constructed to include this variable. Despite the extreme caution practiced by the students, instructors have developed simple but effective tactics which, in some cases, have allowed them to fire six shots before the students have drawn their guns. Most students show improvement by the second or third practice situation. A multiple target night firing course supplements this training by teaching officers to fire at targets without seeing their own revolvers. Both courses teach officers to draw and fire accurately without taking time to worry about sight alignment, grip, breath control, or stance. A case study involving drunken, armed men in a motor vehicle is accompanied by photographs.
Index Term(s): Ohio; Personal Security/Self Protection; Police firearm training; Police safety; Police weapons use; Self defense training
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