skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 77041 Find in a Library
Title: Deinstitutionalization of Corrections and Its Implications for the Residual Prisoner
Corporate Author: United Nations
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 46
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
United Nations
New York, NY 10017
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United Nations
Annotation: Prepared by the Secretariat for use at the Sixth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (1980), this paper focuses on deinstitutionalization and the treatment of prisoners.
Abstract: The United Nations has repeatedly affirmed the dignity and worth of the individual and faith in human rights. However, conditions of imprisonment in many parts of the world reveal a serious discrepancy between these universal ideals and the reality of penal practice. Justice should become a more universal basis of penal policy and correctional reform; justice requires restoring to prisoners a sense of dignity of which the physical reality of incarceration deprives them. In this perspective, the congress may wish to consider further action and followup in several priority areas. First, at the national level, increased efforts are required to reduce the number of prisoners by providing effective alternatives, more viable options, and more hopeful techniques for dealing with offenders who must remain in correctional institutions. Although some progress has been made to retain offenders for treatment in the community, newer modalities should be devised by drawing on local experience and customary practices and traditions. Moreover, practical guidelines for more effective application of the U.N. standard minimum rules are needed. Second, at the regional level, attention should be directed at developing an appropriate framework for the meaningful exchange of information, on a continuous basis, on the practices adopted and on their relative successes. Intensified activities of the regional United Nations institutes should be encouraged, and the role of the United Nations Social Defense Research Institute must be underscored. Third, at the international level, the exchange of experience and expertise among correctional administrators, system operators, and researchers is crucial. The paper provides 130 footnotes. (Author abstract modified).
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Correctional reform; Deinstitutionalization; Inmates; International cooperation; Symposia; United Nations (UN)
Note: Working Paper prepared by the Secretariat for the Sixth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, Caracas, Venezuela, 25 August - 5 September 1980.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.