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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77100 Find in a Library
Title: Training and Supervision of Correctional Officers in a Sociotherapeutic Prison in West Germany (From Confinement in Maximum Custody, P 147-157, 1981, David A Wood and Kenneth A Schoen, ed. - See NCJ-77087)
Author(s): K P Rotthaus
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: D C Heath and Co
Lexington, MA 02173
Sale Source: D C Heath and Co
125 Spring Street
Lexington, MA 02173
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The role, training, and supervision of correctional officers in a sociotherapeutic prison in West Germany are described.
Abstract: The goal of Gelsenkirchen Prison involves the sociotherapeutic treatment of inmates so they may be enabled to live crime-free in the community. Most of the inmates are selected from the prison service diagnostic centers and have long criminal records. Treatment involves the cultivation of a humane and helpful environment, especially in the living groups; educational, prevocational, and vocational training; and psychotherapy. Apart from vocational instructors, the correctional officers have more contact with inmates than any other staff, so their behavior and attitudes essentially determine the prison's atmosphere. Recognizing this, officers are trained to assume more responsibility than is customary for correctional guards. Continuous theoretical training is made available to the officers. Case studies are discussed in small groups and at conferences. The theoretical background of the cases is emphasized. Officers participate in staff meetings and have an opportunity to influence decisionmaking. The increased involvement of officers in the treatment program and policymaking has greatly increased officers' job satisfaction and self-esteem. Tabular data is provided on the use of imprisonment, fines, and probation in West Germany.
Index Term(s): Correctional facilities; Correctional officer training; Correctional Officers; Corrections in foreign countries; Corrections management; Decisionmaking; Germany; Treatment/Therapeutic Community
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