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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77156 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Analysis of National Crime Victimization Survey Data To Study Serious Delinquent Behavior, Monograph Five - Juvenile Criminal Behavior and Its Relation to Neighborhood Characteristics
Author(s): R J Sampson; T C Castellano; J H Laub; M J Hindelang
Corporate Author: Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Ctr
State University of New York at Albany
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 143
Sponsoring Agency: Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Ctr
Albany, NY 12222
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
US Securities and Exchange Cmssn
Washington, DC 20549-2736
Grant Number: 78-JN-AX-0029
Sale Source: Superintendent of Documents, GPO
Washington, DC 20402
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using 1973-1978 National Crime Survey victimization data and neighborhood characteristics data from the Bureau of the Census, this report addressed three major questions regarding personal crimes inflicted upon and committed by juveniles (under age 18), young adults (age 18 to 20), and adults (age 21 and over).
Abstract: The study examined patterns of personal victimization across dimensions of selected neighborhood characteristics, the relationship of neighborhood characteristics to rates of offending, and the relationship between characteristics of the victimization event and the neighborhood context in which it occurs. Findings indicate that neighborhood economic status has a negative relationship with victimization rates in urban areas. The relationship was found to be stronger for adult victimization than juvenile victimization and for theft rather than violent victimization. The relationship between neighborhood unemployment and victimization was moderate and positive for juvenile and adult victimization but weak and inconsistent for victimization among those aged 18 to 20. White victimization rates were positively related to the percentage of blacks in neighborhoods; they were stronger for theft than for violent victimization. Neighborhood residential mobility had a strong positive relationship to victimization rates for all the population subgroups examined. Regarding neighborhood characteristics, rates of theft offenses were considerably higher in low economic status urban neighborhoods than in either medium or high economic status urban neighborhoods for all offenders. For all offenders, a strong positive relationship was found between theft offending and the percentage of blacks in a neighborhood. An examination of whether certain characteristics of the victimization event, such as weapons use and seriousness of the event, were related to neighborhood characteristics revealed that victimizations committed by youthful and adult offenders in predominantly black neighborhoods were of a more serious nature then those in all-white neighborhoods. Moreover, the use of weapons in robbery, particularly guns, was more prevalent in neighborhoods with a higher percentage of blacks than in neighborhoods with a lower percentage of blacks. In low economic status neighborhoods, juveniles and youthful offenders were more likely to use weapons than their counterparts in high economic status neighborhoods. Neighborhood residential mobility, structural density, and unemployment were unrelated to both extent of weapon use and the seriousness of the victimization event. Appendixes include data tables, the National Crime Survey interview schedule, definitions, and about 80 references. Additional tables and footnotes are provided. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Crime rate studies; Crime Statistics; Crime surveys; Economic influences; Employment-crime relationships; Environmental design; Environmental influences; National crime surveys; Offender profiles; Race relations; Social conditions; Urban area studies; Urban criminality; Victimization surveys; Violent crime statistics
Note: Analysis of National Crime Victimization Survey Data To Study Serious Delinquent Behavior Monograph Series
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