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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77161 Find in a Library
Title: Introduction to Criminal Justice - Second Edition
Author(s): J J Senna; L J Siegel; G Shuman; R R Roberg
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 647
Sponsoring Agency: Knowledge Network Press
Monticello, NY 12701
Sale Source: Knowledge Network Press
c/o Field Associates, Ltd
25 Landfield Avenue
Monticello, NY 12701
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This text delineates the major components of the contemporary criminal justice system, encompassing legal issues; sociological issues; legislative policy; and police, court, and correctional practices. It is intended primarily for university students during introductory study of criminal justice or law.
Abstract: The text details the framework of crime in America by examining the crime problem and criminal law and presents an overview of the field of criminology. Included here are up-to-date victimization surveys; crime causation theories, including sociobiological and crime control concepts; and an extensive section on criminal law, including the substantive crimes and criminal defenses. An overview of the criminal justice process begins with descriptions of the police functions of arrest and investigation and concludes with details on the correctional decision of release. A section is included on constitutional issues in criminal justice, with recent Supreme Court decisions and material on how a case reaches the Court. The text also discusses issues in policing, including information on female and minority police officers, productivity in police work, police violence, and stress as a new dimension of police work. Police investigations, police discretion, custodial interrogation, search and seizure limitations, and lineups are also reviewed. Additional sections are devoted to early court processing and cover such topics as the prosecution and defense attorney, pretrial release and bail, the jury system, and diversion. The concept of plea bargaining is also emphasized. Each aspect of the judicial process -- the courts, the criminal trial, sentencing, and probation -- is reviewed, and the text analyzes capital punishment and emphasizes recent empirical research on the effectiveness of probation in criminal justice. The final sections focus on posttrial procedures -corrections, parole, and prisoners' rights. Current information on jails, the concept of community corrections, and restitution programs is included, with attention to prison violence and juvenile justice standards. Chapter notes and discussion questions, case illustrations, charts, and an index are included. A glossary and constitutional amendments are appended, and an instructor's manual and study guide accompany the text. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Capital punishment; Constitutional Rights/Civil Liberties; Correctional reform; Court case flow; Crime causes theory; Criminal codes; Criminology; Judicial decisions; Judicial process; Juvenile justice standards; Legislation; Plea negotiations; Police affirmative action programs; Police legal limitations; Police responsibilities; Pretrial procedures; Prisoner's rights; Probation or parole services; Sentencing/Sanctions; Trial procedures; US Supreme Court
Note: Two companion texts are available, an instructor's manual and a study guide. Criminal Justice Series.
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