skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 77202 Find in a Library
Title: Changing Benefits and Costs To Encourage Lawful and Desired Behavior
Journal: Crime and Delinquency  Volume:27  Issue:2  Dated:(April 1981)  Pages:225-233
Author(s): S Nagel; M Neef
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 9
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article emphasizes the usefulness of a benefit-cost perspective in generating ideas for encouraging lawful behavior in a variety of different situations.
Abstract: The behavior of individuals, business firms, and government officials can be viewed as stemming from their implicit desire to maximize perceived benefits minus costs, taking into consideration monetary and nonmonetary elements and the probability that key events, on which those benefits and costs depend, will occur. This perspective emphasizes that encouraging legally desired behavior requires increasing the benefits and decreasing the costs of doing the right deed, increasing the costs and decreasing the benefits of doing the wrong deed, and favorably influencing the probabilities of the key contingent events. Such a perspective can be helpful in generating relevant ideas that might otherwise be overlooked, thought of less quickly, or thought of in a less organized way. Also, ideas can be avoided that might not substantially affect relevant benefits and costs. Such a perspective can be contrasted with (1) a regulatory one, which emphasizes government orders, enforcement agencies, and penalties, and (2) a rehabilitative orientation, which emphasizes changing the values of wrongdoers rather than altering the situation so that their values motivate them to engage in lawful behavior. Three footnotes are provided. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Behavioral objectives; Behavioral science research; Cost/Benefit Analysis; Perception; Social psychology
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=77202

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.