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NCJ Number: 77219 Find in a Library
Title: Credit Against Sentence for Time Spent on Probation or Parole
Author(s): R Sweet
Corporate Author: Wisconsin Legislative Council
United States of America
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Wisconsin Legislative Council
Madison, WI 53701
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This discussion paper focuses on the propriety of changing Wisconsin law to allow a person whose probation is revoked to receive at least partial credit for the time spent prior to revocation.
Abstract: In Wisconsin, the offender whose parole is revoked is given credit against the remaining sentence for the time spent prior to the revocation. However, a person whose probation is revoked is not given credit for the time spent between imposition and revocation of probation. An individual may be placed on probation by a court either when it withholds sentence or imposes a sentence and stays its execution. In either case, revocation of probation is effected by a two-stage administrative process within the Department of Health and Social Services. Discretionary parole is also granted by the department, and revocation is completed through the same two-stage process. In granting credit for time spent on parole but not for time spent on probation, Wisconsin is consistent with some other surrounding States, such as Minnesota, Iowa, and Michigan. In contrast, Illinois law provides credit for time served on parole and on probation. The distinction in treatment of probationers and parolees with respect to credit for time served was recently challenged in Wisconsin in State v. Aderhold (1979). The court of appeals upheld the present law, stating that the difference in treatment is rationally related to the State's legitimate governmental interests. Similar decisions were reached in Minnesota and Michigan in equal protection clause challenges regarding credit for probationers and parolees. If a decision is made to give credit for time served on probation prior to revocation, consideration must be given to allowing only partial credit rather than full credit for time served. Giving full credit for time served on probation may result in the sanction of revocation of probation not being available for a person who violates a rule of probation. No references are cited.
Index Term(s): Good time allowance; Judicial decisions; Parole; Parole violations; Parolees; Probation; Probation or parole decisionmaking; Probationers; Revocation; Sentencing/Sanctions; State laws; Wisconsin
Note: Discussion paper 80-23. Prepared for the Legislative Council's Special Committee on Community Correctional Programs.
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