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NCJ Number: 77235 Find in a Library
Title: Television Violence, Victimization, and Power
Journal: American Behavioral Scientist  Volume:23  Issue:5  Dated:(May/June 1980)  Pages:705-716
Author(s): G Gerbner; L Gross; N Signorielli; M Morgan
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 12
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Findings are presented from the long-range cultural indicators project which studies the relationship between exposure to the symbolic world of television and conceptions of viewers about the real world.
Abstract: The paper describes television as an institution of general enculturation that serves primarily to maintain, stabilize, and reinforce conventional values, beliefs, and behaviors. The cultural indicators project used message system analysis to establish the composition and structure of television reality and then asked questions of samples of adults and children to determine what viewers absorbed from living in that world. The results indicated that violence-laden television not only cultivates aggressive tendencies in a minority but, perhaps more important, also generates a persvasive and exaggerated sense of danger and mistrust. In addition, the project's adolescent surveys revealed that adolescent heavy television viewers see the world as more violent and express more fear than do light viewers. Further, a significant relationship was found between the amount of television and the violence-related fears of 2,200 7 to 11-year-old children and their parents. The paper concludes that the use of television as an instrument for social control exacts a great human price. Suggested remedies include the encouragement of critical viewing skills and creative resources by educators and the creation of a freer television market. Six references are included.
Index Term(s): Behavioral science research; Cultural influences; Fear of crime; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Violence on television
Note: This article is based on a previous study, 'The Demonstration of Power Violence Profile No. 10,' which appeared in the Summer 1979 issue of the Journal of Communication.
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