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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 77246 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Survey of State Mandatory Judicial Education Requirements
Author(s): J N Bronstein
Corporate Author: American University
Law Institute Criminal Courts Technical Assistance Project
United States of America
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 84
Sponsoring Agency: American University
Washington, DC 20015
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Contract Number: J-LEAA-011-78
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents findings from a survey conducted by the Courts Technical Assistance Project staff which focused on the scope and nature of State judicial education requirements.
Abstract: The staff conducted a telephone survey of all State judicial education officers to determine whether mandatory judicial education requirements existed in their States and if so, the nature of the education required and the judges affected. The survey was conducted from November 1980 through January 1981. The survey reveals that 40 States have formal mandatory requirements for judicial education; 10 States and the District of Columbia have no mandatory requirements. Of the 40 States with such requirements, 4 require atttendance only at an annual judicial conference or college, 5 States require attendance only at a new judge orientation/certification program, 8 States require only a specified level of continuing education, and 23 States require attendance at more than one of these types of programs. Considering that 'mandatory judicial education' usually refers to a specified number of required hours of continuing legal education program participation by judges over some defined period, 26 States have reported that they have such requirements, 9 of which require attendance by both general jurisdiction and appellate court judges. Many States offer regular voluntary programs in the three program categories which are comprehensive and well attended, despite the absence of mandatory participation requirements. Mandatory new judge orientation programs are conducted in 24 States. The annual judicial conference or college is mandated in 17 States and is generally directed to all judges. Mandatory continuing education programs operate in 26 States. Footnotes and extensive tables are provided. Appendixes include a list of survey respondents and sample statutes, rules, orders, and constitutional provisions of 17 States. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Judges; Judicial educational programs; Laws and Statutes; Professional in-service education; Refresher courses; State-by-state analyses; Surveys; Technical assistance reports; Workshops and seminars
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